The most dominant ethnic community in Nigeria and the most populous in Africa; Hausa

The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in Africa and the second largest language (Hausa Language) after Arabic in the Afro-asiatic family of languages. They are numbering over 70 million mostly in these countries; Northern Nigeria, Southern Niger, Benin, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Chad, Sudan, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Togo, Ghana, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Senegal, the Gambia, Burkina Faso and Algeria. The countries with the biggest population are in this order; Nigeria, Niger, Ivory Coast and Benin comprising over million in population.

The Hausa are very proud of their culture, their culture have stand unique in Nigeria. Despite their southern Nigeria counterparts being influenced by the western culture, Hausa have maintained a rich and peculiar mode of dressing, food, language, marriage system, education system, traditional architecture, sports, music and other forms of traditional entertainment.


Hausa is used as the language of instruction at the elementary school level in northern Nigeria, Hausa as a course of study is available in northern Nigerian universities. In addition, several advanced degrees (Masters and PhD) are offered in Hausa in various universities in the UK, US, and Germany. Hausa is also among the language used in various social network in the world. So Hausa is considered one of the world’s major languages.

Hausa are predominantly Sunni Muslims.


The Hausa were famous throughout the middle Ages, for their cloth weaving and dyeing, cotton goods, leather sandals, metal locks, horse equipment and leather-working and export of such goods throughout the West African region and North Africa (Hausa leather was erroneously known as Moroccan leather to medieval Europe).

The traditional dress of the Hausa consists of loose flowing gowns and trousers. The gowns have wide openings on both sides for ventilations. Men also wear colourful embroidered caps known as hula. They may wear the turban depending on their location and occupation. The women can be identified by wrappers called zani, made with colourful cloth known as atampa or Ankara.

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